A trial is the process of proving the quality or worth of something or someone.
Trials are tests of your faith, patience or endurance through the process of suffering.
Three primary Greek words are translated as “trial” in the New Testament. Each has a slightly different emphasis in meaning, yet they all reveal God’s purpose for trials and suffering.
—Dokimion … proven faith
A testing trial in which your faith is proved genuine—
“These have come so that your faith—of greater worth than gold, which perishes even though refined by fire—may be proved genuine and may result in praise, glory and honor when Jesus Christ is revealed.” (1 Peter 1:7)
—Purosis … refined character
A fiery trial through which your character is refined, as gold is refined (implies suffering)—
“Do not be surprised at the painful trial you are suffering, as though something strange were happening to you.” (1 Peter 4:12)
—Peirasmos … tested commitment
A trial or temptation through which the quality of your commitment is tested—
“Consider it pure joy, my brothers, whenever you face trials of many kinds, because you know that the testing of your faith develops perseverance. Perseverance must finish its work so that you may be mature and complete, not lacking anything.” (James 1:2–4)