I must clarify that the ending of the Gospel of Mark, specifically Mark 16:9-20, is a subject of scholarly debate due to textual variations regarding its originality. The earliest and most reliable manuscripts of Mark do not include verses 9-20, and some versions end at verse 8.
That said, let’s consider an overview of the general content of Mark 16:9-20, while it’s important to note that its inclusion and interpretation may vary among different translations and biblical scholars.
The exegetical idea of Mark 16:9-20, if included, would be the post-resurrection appearances of Jesus to His disciples and the instructions He provides them with before His ascension.
The complement of this idea would be the disciples’ response to Jesus’ commission and their subsequent obedience to His instructions.
If we consider Mark 16:1-8 as the preceding paragraph, it describes the women discovering the empty tomb and encountering an angel who instructs them to go and tell the disciples that Jesus has risen. The angel specifically mentions that Jesus will meet them in Galilee.
If Mark 16:9-20 is included, it would continue the narrative by presenting various appearances of Jesus to His disciples after His resurrection. It includes Jesus rebuking the disciples for their unbelief, commissioning them to preach the gospel to all creation, and promising that signs would accompany those who believe.
The subsequent paragraph, if Mark 16:9-20 is included, would be the conclusion of the Gospel. It states that Jesus was taken up into heaven, the disciples went out and preached everywhere, and the Lord worked with them, confirming the message through signs.
However, it’s important to note that some biblical scholars believe that Mark’s Gospel originally ended at verse 8, which concludes with the women fleeing from the tomb and being too afraid to share the news of Jesus’ resurrection. In this view, the ending of Mark would emphasize the theme of fear and the disciples’ failure to respond initially, leaving the reader with a sense of anticipation for the disciples’ subsequent response to the resurrection.